Biodiversity is short for “biological diversity,” and refers to all the plants, animals, and microorganisms that live on our earth. Currently, scientists have identified about 1.7 million species, but they estimate there are many more -- somewhere between three and 30 million! But as we learn more about microbes, especially those that live in rich soil, some researchers say there may well be over 100 million species!
There are many reasons that biodiversity is important to people and ecosystems. Here are just a few of them.
Quick overview of the many reasons biodiversity is important.
The importance of biological diversity in agriculture:
Economic benefits of biodiversity: